Article VI of The Constitution & Article V of The 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie: The Tribe Owns The Missouri River

    Article VI of The Constitution of The United Stateswhich reads as follows:

    “This Constitution, & the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; & all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; & the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.

    The Senators & Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution[1]

    ARTICLE 5 of The Treaty of Fort Laramie of 1851, which reads as follows:

    The territory of the Sioux or Dahcotah Nation, commencing the mouth of the White Earth River, on the Missouri River: thence in a southwesterly direction to the forks of the Platte River: thence up the north fork of the Platte River to a point known as the Red Bute, or where the road leaves the river; thence along the range of mountains known as the Black Hills, to the head-waters of Heart River; thence down Heart River to its mouth; and thence down the Missouri River to the place of beginning.

    It is, however, understood that, in making this recognition and acknowledgement, the aforesaid Indian nations do not hereby abandon or prejudice any rights or claims they may have to other lands; & further, that they do not surrender the privilege of hunting, fishing, or passing over any of the tracts of country heretofore described.“”[2]

Note:  The “Dakotah” & “Sioux” Nations are not the only nations listed within The Treaty of Fort Larmie of 1851: so are several other Tribes & Tribal Nations as well:

     Map of The Treaty of Fort Laramie:      (from The Official Portal of The North Dakota State Government website)

From “The History and Culture of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Sahnish” from Official Portal of The north Dakota State Government website:
From “The History and Culture of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Sahnish” from Official Portal of The north Dakota State Government website:

FAQ:  Is The 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie still in effect?

    Yes.  Though countless treaty violations against the treaty have occurred, there has been no lawful negation of the original treaty contract.  When violations have occurred, they have been color of law crimes, wherein “the appearance of law” has been used in order to deprive the BODY POLITIC known as (among other names) The Great Sioux Nation, of our Constitutional Rights, both as a tribe and as individuals: such violations have been in direct violation of United States Code Title 18-CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, PART I-CRIMES, CHAPTER 13- CIVIL RIGHTS, §242. Deprivation of rights under color of law.[3]


    Conspiracy is a continuing offense.  For statutes such as 18 U.S.C. § 371, which require “an overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy“, the statute of limitations begins to run on the date of the last overt act.[4]  

    Section 3282 of Title 18, United States Code states that, “prosecution for a non-capital offense shall be instituted within five years after the offense was committed.[5]

    Whereas unconstitutional violations upon the  Treaty of Fort Laramie of 1851 have been comprised of “overt acts of furtherance” by “2 or more persons” as part of a “continuing offense”, the approval of the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline Project, through Extortion has merely extended the statute of limitations going back all the way to the very first treaty violation upon the Treaty of Fort Laramie- the so-called “Grattan Massacre”.; the Treaty of Fort Laramie of 1851 is in full effect.

Next Section:

“We Call Upon Your Constitutional Oaths!”: A Plea to All U.S. Officials to Defend Standing Rock!

Quote from a letter from Alexander Hamilton to Philip A. Hamilton, 5 December 1791:[6]




[1]:  Transcript of The Constitution of The United States, National Archives:

[2]:  The Treaty of Fort Laramie transcript:

[3]:  Office of Law Revision Counsel, United States House of Representatives, United States Code Title 18 Deprivation of Rights Under color of Law:

[6]:  ALS, facsimile in George Shea, The Life and Epoch of Alexander Hamilton: A Historical Study (Boston, 1880), 7; ALS (facsimile), Columbia University Libraries, National Archives:

Creating Clarity from Chaos