Below are descriptions & photographic evidence of pipeline failures from the United States Department of Transportation (“D.O.T.”) Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration‘s report which occured on 8-2-2011, located here:
According to the report, on January 4, 2009, a 6.625-inch storage well line in Elk View (near Charleston), Kanawha County, West Virginia ruptured due to “internal corrosion pitting complicated by low impact toughness of the pipe material”.
Photo #1: Internal corrosion:
Photo #2: Internal corrosion:
Photo #3: Internal corrosion, stops at weld:
Photo #4: Corrosion caused “brittle fracture”:
Photo #5: Closeup of one of the “brittle fractures”:
At approximately 5 p.m. on February 18, a rupture of pipeline near the pump station and terminal located in Cygnet, Ohio, owned by Philadelphia-based Sunoco, resulted in one of the largest oil spills in Wood County history. Upon learning of the release, the company immediately shut down the pipeline, stopped operations at the pump station and terminal, notified the appropriate authorities, and began an emergency response. As of 11:05 a.m. ET on February 19, the release had been stopped from the pipe. The damaged pipeline, which was operating at the time, released 1,250 barrels (199 m3) of crude oil into a farm field. Eventually, 782 of the 1,250 barrels (199 m3) released were recovered. Some of the crude oil, approximately 200 barrels (32 m3), did contaminate a local creek.